有关我国轴承业发展方向的思考


    轴承是制作业的基础,也是国家重要配备和精密配备制作业配套的重要环节,其开展对我国制作业的开展起到了重要作用。
 
  近年来我国轴承制作工业开展势头微弱,对轴承钢商场平稳向好将带来利好效应,一批高端轴承需求量大幅增加,如航空航天轴承、机床主轴用高速精密轴承、滚珠丝杠支承用精密角触摸球轴承、高速电主轴轴承、转台轴承、风电轴承、保持器、保持架、盾构机用关节轴承等,而大需求量造就了大批企业的开展。
 
  据统计,我国现在轴承企业有1400多家,从业人员约30多万人,2011年我国轴承制作职业全年完成工业总产值1932.11亿元,同比增加27.59%,销售收入为1910.97亿元,同比增加30.30%,利润总额125.23亿元,同比增加26.54%。
 
  虽然整体势态向好,但跟着现在全球经济化和一体化的演进,轴承职业也遇到了极大的应战,其间包含产品生命周期的加快减短、产品需求的高度定制化以及全球不同商场竞争加剧等问题。而要解决这些问题,轴承职业需要从多个方面下手。
 
  一、进步产品技术含量、工作效率、可靠性和精度。
 
  从现在我国轴承职业产品结构来看,技术含量较低的一般轴承出产才能已较为足够;而高精度、高技术含量、高附加值的轴承,具有特别性、能满意特别工作条件的自润滑轴承,无论是种类还是数量都有较大开展空间,从产品质量和技术水平来看,我国每年仍需很多进口高端轴承。
 
  进步滑动轴承出产商的研制、规划和制作才能是完成滑动轴承高技术含量、高可靠性、高效率、高精度的唯一途径。在国家方针的支持下,跟着我国配备制作业的快速开展,估计未来滑动轴承职业企业将把提高轴承产品的精度、性能、寿数及可靠性等方面作为要点投资方向。我国滑动轴承制作商通过加大研制力度、引进国外先进制作设备等手法,不断进步研制规划水平及制作水平,符合未来职业开展的必然趋势。
 
  二、完成高柔性大规划出产,寻求更好的质量
 
  现代轴承职业的制作出产,特别是中小型轴承的制作出产,其产品根本上具有少种类大批量的特色。因而,此类大批量轴承的出产线自动化程度很高,出产效率和设备利用率也很高,但只能加工出产线规划时对应的一种或几种十分类似的产品,跟着现在产品的高速更新换代,客户需求的不断精密乃至定制,商场对多种类小批量轴承产品的需求越来越多。面临这样的情况,这种“刚性”或低柔性的出产线要么无能为力,要么调整成本过高。因而,提高出产线的柔性,并坚持大规划出产相同的低成本——即高柔性大规划出产是未来轴承智能制作的一个重要应战。
 
  而且,跟着我国轴承职业的开展,我国出产的轴承产品逐步进入了国内外一些十分重视产品质量的用户的收购规划。不过这些客户不只重视产品的技术含量,更垂青产品的质量。企业寻求更好的产品质量,严格把控产品出产,有助于产品的
 
   三、依据细分商场的专业化分工进一步表现
 
  滑动轴承特别是自润滑轴承因其用处不同,存在多种类和多标准产品,不同种类的滑动轴承对热处理水平、车加工精度、表面处理方式、出产设备自动化程度以及制作工艺等要求不同,因而现有的滑动轴承企业根本专心某一专门范畴或细分商场,世界轴承职业通过上百年的开展,现已形成了安稳的专业化分工,世界轴承巨头在各自的细分商场范畴安排专业化出产,未来国内滑动轴承出产企业将进一步清晰产品定位,走专业化分工路途,做强做精密分商场,完成规划效应。

Reporters Muzi reports: Mainland Construction Machinery Industry stride towards international

Reporters Muzi reports: Mainland Construction Machinery Industry stride towards international, mainland officials estimate that by 2015, China will become a major exporter of machinery industry, accounting for one-tenth of global demand. Many companies are interested in using Hong Kong's capital market, to expand overseas. However, concerns China's core components of the industry is still dependent on imports, called on the government in the "five" plan to encourage innovation to enhance the content. 5 years up to $ 20 billion exports   Although the global manufacturing industry to enter the adjustment period, but the Chinese industry is still the situation is excellent, the China Construction Machinery Association, Jun Qi in an interview means that next year's construction machinery industry growth may slow, but still maintained double-digit growth . By 2015, industry sales will reach 900 billion yuan, expect profit margins to 7%, of which 30% is exported. He pointed out that estimated that by 2015. the international market demand for construction machinery products will reach $ 200 billion, of which China's exports accounted for $ 20 billion may be about to become a major exporter.   Widely believed that the government's "five-second" planning a little conservative, in which large-scale engineering machinery enterprises as the Mainland, Guangxi Liugong has been set for the next five years, sales of 50 billion plan. Guangxi Liu Gong newspaper that President Yang Yichuan, which accounts for one third of the international export hopes, more than 100 million. He pointed out that China after several years of construction period, the demand for heavy machinery into the saturation plateau, the preparations should be early to go to other developing countries, India, South Asia, South America is a very promising market.   Speed ​​up overseas acquisitions to be listed in Hong Kong   To improve market share overseas, Liugong was first taken abroad in the middle, planned acquisition of Polish HUTASTALOWAWOLA (HSW), which is the second two years ago Zoomlion to € 271 million acquisition of CIFA of Italy's top construction machinery enterprises, the Chinese construction machinery company in the overseas market, the second acquisition.   Yang Yichuan said that the future will continue to identify good acquisition, there are plans to set up overseas headquarters in Hong Kong to co-ordinate all international business, and its push to mature companies listed in Hong Kong to expand its international influence. Called on policy support to help industry   China construction machinery to become a big country, one of the core components is constrained to rely on imports. Zhang, chairman of Elcoteq Heavy steel frankly, the import price for the domestic price of 10 times, he hoped that the Government could take the lead, enterprises and universities to support their own research and development, Yang Yichuan also said that the current R & D costs Liugong 5% of total revenue, the future will gradually improve, but he stressed that this is not a company to resolve the matter, need the government to come forward, the list will be national policy, make overall planning, Japan, for example, is from the R & D to sales are more policy support.   China Construction Machinery Association, Working Committee Secretary-General Feng Gui agents infants and pointed out that China is not without ability, the key is related to consciousness is weak, the government needs determination, hope in the "five" components during the development of supporting policies to encourage the introduction, in order to support industry long-term development.   Been hailed as the dean of large-scale construction machinery Professor Sun Zuwang pointed out that China is technically not particularly difficult to overcome, not the key is to manage with, for example in the production of cleanliness, the workers can not be executed.

2018

01-30

Equipment manufacturing industry in Liaoning have been a one-third of the world.

     This is the central implementation of the northeast since the strategy of revitalizing old industrial bases, equipment manufacturing province accounting for the proportion of industrial added value reached a record high.      As the current statistics, the province's total number of enterprises above designated size equipment manufacturing industry has reached more than 8,000 households, compared with a net increase of more than 2,000 households last year. The challenge facing the international financial crisis, the size of the equipment manufacturing industry in Liaoning grew and grew. January to May, the province's industrial added value in the equipment manufacturing industry 88.752 billion yuan, up 18.1%; above-scale industrial enterprises of the province's total industrial added value up 31.8% share.      In recent years, the provincial government to give priority to the development of equipment manufacturing industry restructuring, Liaoning Province, identified as a priority, to accelerate the construction of Shenyang and Dalian West Industrial Corridor "along the two areas," two world-class equipment manufacturing base in the strategic deployment. As traditional industries in Liaoning's equipment manufacturing industry in the province's overall economic development pattern is becoming increasingly prominent. This year is the first pillar industry in Liaoning's industrial equipment manufacturing, continue to overcome the international financial crisis and other negative factors, to further build on this. The first five months of above-scale enterprises in the province's total industrial added value rose from 2002 to nearly 1 / 4 to nearly 1 / 3, the first pillar block header increases.      Investment rise, not fall. This year, the province's financial discount on technological renovation funds to invest in the equipment manufacturing industry for nearly half, to lead all financial discount to invest in social capital equipment manufacturing, financial discount capital of Liaoning has a total investment of 7.39 billion yuan to support the 39 equipment items, technical innovation investment discount capital 190 million yuan, accounting for 47.6% discount on technological renovation funds, many large projects stronger the equipment manufacturing industry,Brilliance Group A-Class production line, ZWZ-megawatt wind power project and parts localization Yuanda Group 1.5 MW wind power equipment and other advantages and growth projects are to become beneficiaries,January to May, the province's equipment manufacturing industry investment in fixed assets totaled 57.43 billion yuan, up 60.7% over the province's industrial fixed assets investment growth 16.4 percentage points higher, is the "Eleventh Five-Year" has been the fastest-growing fixed asset investment year, accounting for the province's industrial fixed assets investment rose 38.1%. Investment of 2 billion yuan of equipment manufacturing projects 200.      Growing small and medium enterprises, key enterprises bigger and stronger. In the global financial crisis, Liaoning contrarian flying equipment manufacturing SMEs, the first five months, more than 2000 enterprises into large-scale enterprises. Meanwhile, a number of key corporate position to continue to consolidate. The first five months, China CNR Dalian Locomotive Company realized an industrial output value of 2.33 billion yuan, up 116.5%; TBEA change of industrial output value of the company 1.74 billion, an increase of 61.9%; DHI DCW Group to achieve road industrial output value of 6.48 billion yuan, an increase of 47.9%.      Restructuring to accelerate, growing new industries. This year, Liaoning's equipment manufacturing industry to further expand the field of development, a group of companies has grown to a new leader in the field. DHI DCW Group Road from the beginning involved in wind power equipment industry's most high-end target, and now has become China's largest MW wind power equipment manufacturers, following the mass production of 1.5 MW device, the 3 MW wind power equipment has been developed successful, will mass, Liaoning Xinfeng Enterprise Group Co., Ltd. through the introduction of technology, development and production of world-class high-pressure common rail diesel engine electronic control system with independent intellectual property rights, to fill the gaps, an annual output of 400,000 sets, Chinese high-pressure common rail system, step into the world-class.

2018

01-30